Surburban Flight

It’s no secret America is economically segregated. The current tradegy in Ferguson, Mo has shed a light on a greater problem in our country, the economic stratification of our nation. This issue is much deeper than the tragedy that is the death of 18 year old Mike Brown. It has shed light on a long list of systemic issues and policy failure that have contributed to what Aaron Wiener of the Washington City Paper calls, The Suburban Poverty Shift. Historically, many policies were put in place to stagnate the wealth accumulation of people of color. One of those primary policy decisions being redlining practices restricting African American from building wealth during key wealth building periods in American history. Wiener references in his article a Brookings Institute study focused on the shift in wealth in the Ferguson area. The unemployment rate in the St. Louis suburb increased from less than 5 percent in 2000 to more than 13 percent in 2010-2012. For residents who do have a job, real earnings declined by a third. The poverty rate doubled. On the surface these changes are a result of urban revitalization, the return of more affluent white individuals back to cities. But if a closer look is taken, the discriminatory policies that forced people of color to remain in cities as renters, while their white counterparts were able to build wealth and assets in the suburbs are the direct cause of some of the disparities we see today. In the District of Columbia many of the same economic disparities facing Ferguson, Mo are present here, but a booming economy provides the city the resources to make a difference by providing affordable housing options to help the District’s lower-to-moderate income residents. Supporting the production of affordable units as well as the support and increase funding for affordable housing programs such as HPAP (Housing Production Assistance Program) and LRSP (Local Rent Supplement Program) is the first step in addressing the District’s economic disparities.

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